The auto sector’s change to electric vehicles is rapid. The year 2025 will emerge as a tipping point for EV adoption, which can drive trends of automotive electrification ahead.
Most major auto manufacturers globally have signaled the end of ICEs (internal combustion engines) as the transition to ZEV (zero emission vehicles) gets ramped up.
How Vehicle Electrification Works
The key and important goal of vehicle or fleet electrification is simply to replace gasoline drives with electric powertrains. In the electric powertrain, a traction battery pack often uses energy in it so as to drive electric motors through the power electronics converter’s help.
When the speed or braking of the car is reduced, electricity is often driven back to the battery using regenerative braking systems. Converters’ topology and control techniques vary depending on the kind of electric motors used. Different kinds of electric motors usually used in electric vehicles may include the following:
- PMSRM (Permanent-magnet switched reluctance motor)
- IPMM (Interior permanent magnet motor)
- ACIM (AC induction motor)
- PMSM (Permanent-magnet synchronous motor)
- BLDC motor (Brushless DC motor)
How Electrification of Vehicles is Changing the Auto Industry
Today, the electrification of vehicles is among the greatest trends in the auto industry. Driven by consumers’ continued demand for sustainable vehicles and policy shifts in targeting bans on diesel and gasoline cars, every car manufacturer works to electrify their vehicles’ portfolio.
And because of the decreased battery prices, EV sales are likely to outpace sales of traditional cars in the next few years, creating stiff competition in the automotive space.
EV manufacturers also show that the technology of electric vehicles can be created profitably and rapidly by concentrating on smart manufacturing and innovation. In fact, startups have disrupted the industry by creating new technological advancements, opening up the possibilities of commercializing EVs with mass-market appeal, and reducing the prices of batteries.
Dramatic and rapid developments in automotive technological advancement as well as the growth of the EV market, have presented a lot of opportunities, representing impact strategies, which are aimed at attaining sustainability goals globally.
Vehicle electrification in the transportation industry is projected to serve as an important target for technologies, with gains expected in the next few years. Some of the latest developments seen in vehicle electrification include the following:
Technologies involved in battery packaging are important for the safety, reliability, and space utilization of IEVs. CTP (cell-to-pack) technology that CATL developed integrated battery cells directly into battery packs so as to optimize energy density and space utilization. Improved CTP integrates battery into the floor panel of a vehicle to optimize the utilization of vehicular space even further.
2. EV Design
These days, electric vehicles are different from ICE gasoline-powered cars. The latest breed of electric vehicles benefits from failed attempts to build and design EVs using traditional production methods that manufacturers have used for many years.
Electric vehicles are still coming, and we’re still on the right track about decarbonizing the transportation industry, even though more steps should be taken. But currently, vehicle electrification is happening at an unprecedented speed and is crossing borders, involving automotive, mobility, energy, and infrastructure players.